about




This site aims to showcase stereoscopic images from past and present that have significance to Canadian history. The accompanying information is intended to provide some historical context to the images. Content is derived from various sources, including, but not limited to, online sources such as Wikipedia. I am not an historical scholar, but rather an illustrator and copywriter with a keen interest in stereoscopic imagery and history. All visual content is either created by myself, taken from my personal collection, displayed from public domain sources, and/or used by permission. Every reasonable effort has been made to locate and identify the copyright owners of all historical images. If any works should be considered proprietary and this is brought to my attention, said material will be removed immediately.

By making these images available online to everyone, I hope to encourage others to share their collections of antique and vintage stereoviews. If you have Canadian-themed stereo art or photos that you would allow to be displayed similarly on this site, please contact via the link at the bottom of the Home page. Thank you and please enjoy!





Also called "free-viewing" or "side-by-side stereoscopy", this technique involves crossing one's eyes to lose focus and thereby creating a middle image between the stereo pairs. Gradually re-focusing on this centre image will yield a 3D result. Note: eye stress may result from this process. If discomfort occurs, discontinue and attempt again later.





The anaglyph approach separates the stereo pairs using chromatically opposite filters (RED/CYAN). The left eye sees the RED colour and the right sees the BLUE. The brain fuses the two views together and produces an integrated, stereoscopic result.






The flickering gif, or "wiggle stereoscopy" method of viewing stereo pair images has become quite common online. Popularized by Joshua Heineman through his work with stereoviews from the NY Public Library, it involves overlapping the pairs and adjusting the opacity of the top image. A simple animation is added to create the resulting 3D effect.

About parallel viewing... The crossed-eye method is one type of free-viewing approach. Another way to enjoy stereoscopic art without a stereoscope is by true free-viewing or "parallel viewing". It takes both patience and practice to master this technique. Many 3D enthusiasts will train their eyes to readily view this way by studying  random dot stereo images. Parallel viewing involves relaxing the eyes as opposed to crossing them - as if one were looking through the image(s). Gradually the pairs will overlap and the 3D effect will be achieved. Try this with the slide below (fig.1). When viewed with parallel vision, the "3D" in the centre will protrude towards the viewer. When viewed with crossed-eye vision, the "3D" will appear recessed. Once a parallel view has been attained with this slide, click on the image to enlarge and attempt the process again. Smaller image pairs are generally much easier to view this way.

parallel view practice slide (fig.1)


Darren Paul is a Canadian illustrator and copywriter as well as a life-long stereoscopic art enthusiast and history buff. He has worked for the Vancouver based family marketing firm, Kidzsmart Concepts Inc. for nearly 15 years as illustrator, cartoonist and writer of children’s stories and verse encompassing both print and digital media publishing. He lives and works outside of Toronto, Ontario, Canada where he resides with his wife, two children and dog. When not working or spending time with family, he makes a lot of noise with his garage-rock band, volunteers as the editor of his community newspaper and collects View Master™ reels. For more, see online portfolio here.

About the music... The song option featured on this site's Home page is Sir Edward Johnson's 1928 recording of "The Maple Leaf Forever" (Museum of Canadian Music) which was originally written by Alexander Muir in 1867 to celebrate Canada's Confederation that same year.
Edward Johnson (CBE) was born in Guelph, Ontario in 1878 and was an internationally renowned tenor. He would go on to become general manager of the Metropolitan Opera in New York and grace the cover of Time magazine in 1936.


other credits... Illustrative elements from this site's pages were drawn from the following poster circa 1891, 
"The Old Flag! The Old Guard and the Old Principle!" under Creative Common's licence from the McCord Museum.